Archive Page 2

Hats Off to CAHSL

Submitted by Cara Marcus

An email sent through the MAHSLIN listserv caught my eye – our neighbor CAHSL sent MAHSLIN members a friendly invitation to their holiday luncheon. Dr. Dayne Laskey from the University of St. Joseph School of Pharmacy was the speaker, and the topic sounded fascinating: the history of plants and medicine.  Not only is history one of my favorite subjects, I recently began teaching adult education herbal cookery.  In addition, my newly graduated daughter just studied herbal medicine, and the topic would be of interest to her as well.  So off we went for an afternoon in Connecticut!

The presentation was superb.  No standard PowerPoint here; Dr. Laskey whirled images on the screen of plants and medicines, many from his hospital’s own medicinal garden, while surprising the group with a live aloe plant, and an astounding demonstration of how black light makes quinine (from tree bark) glow in regular bottles of tonic.  Quinine-enhanced tonic was given to early sailors to help them stay healthy on-board.  One of the most surprising things we learned was that about 79% of herbal supplements sold today do not actually contain the herb listed on the label (Dr. Laskey also talked about regulatory efforts attempting to control this issue).  Of course, with an audience of librarians, he discussed the evidence base for herbal medicine, and left the group with much food for thought for their own reference work in alternative medicine.

Besides a great lecture, the meeting was fun!  The CAHSL group was very congenial, the setting was lovely for the holidays, and the lunch included make-your-own Caesar salad and mac-and-cheese bars with lots of fixings. Another highlight of the afternoon was a Yankee Book Swap.  Everyone brought a wrapped, new book and went home with a new great book to read.  So – many thanks to CAHSL and happy holidays to all!



Searching for Reusable Images via Google

Did you know you can filter Google Images to find ones with usage rights?

To find reusable images on Google click the Tools button. This will bring up a number of options including Usage rights. From here select the type of usage rights you are interested in viewing.



Public Domain images are not owned by anyone. You can use, publish, or change them. Attribution is not required but you should do it anyway.

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Message from the President

A Message from the Presidentmsolomonpicsmall

Meredith Solomon, MAHSLIN President

Hello MAHSLIN members!

Since I did not send out a message in early Fall this message will encompass Fall as well as upcoming events.  We have dried out from Hermine and now it is time to get ready to see what Winter has in store for us.  In this edition I would like to share what has been happening over the summer months with MAHSLIN.

Professional Development

MAHSLIN’s first professional development award was given to Nathan Norris (BIDMC) to attend one day of the New England Science Boot Camp in Dartmouth, MA.  To read more about Nathan’s experience go to the MAHSLIN Blog.  Be on the lookout for a call for applications in early 2017.


Over the summer we gained a new member from the Center on Media and Child Health, Jill Kavanaugh.  You can read more about Jill on the MAHSLIN Libguide.

Jill was also the winner of our Jay Daly Information Technology Grant.  Jill is working on purchasing the necessary technologies to redesign the CMCH Database of Research. Jill will submit a post on her progress in Spring of 2017.

Jay Daly Information Technology Grant

Do you have a technology-related project you would like to get started on? This grant is available on a rolling basis for:

  • Attendance at technology-related educational programs or courses and are applicable only to registration fees (hotel/meals/travel expenses are not included).
  • Purchase of emerging technology-related hardware or software excluding basic office equipment or electronic subscriptions previously purchased. Funds cannot be used for professional memberships or to compensate staff time.

For more information, please visit the MAHSLIN web site.

MAHSLIN Communications

MAHSLIN is moving away from sending you a PDF each quarter.  Jane Natches, Publicity Chair and Andrew Calo, Newsletter Editor are working on streamlining MAHSLIN electronic communications through our LibGuide, Facebook page and Twitter account.

If you have not already done so, please like us on Facebook, follow us and tweet about us on Twitter.  If you would like write a column about a cool technology tool, be the Member Spotlight or have information you want to share with the MAHSLIN membership, please email Jane Natches or Andrew Calo.


Save the Date! Friday April 7, 2017.

Dan McCloskey, MAHSLIN president-elect and his committee are in the midst of planning.  More information to come.

We are always looking for content.  If you have a new tool, product, website you are using and would like to share your experience please let us know.  If you have changed jobs, were promoted or have something about the profession you would like to share, contact Andrew Calo or Jane Natches.

Thank you

Vysor: Display Your Android Screen on a Mac or PC in Real Time

By Berika Williams, Research & Instruction/Emerging Technologies and Web Librarian at Hirsh Health Sciences Library, Tufts University.

As a Health Sciences Librarian I often give demos of point of care tools and mobile apps that our library has access to through subscribed databases. In these demos I find it useful to provide screenshots from my mobile device to show users the benefits of mobile point of care apps such as Dynamed, BMJ Best Practice, and journal apps such as BrowZine. Recently I discovered that there is a way for Android users to display or mirror their screen on a PC or a Mac in real time through the use of an app called Vysor. Previously, Android users would have had to hack their devices by “rooting” them in order to get their screen to mirror on a desktop computer or laptop. Now, Vysor makes it easier by simply installing the app on your desktop device.

What you’ll need:
• Android mobile device
• Android USB charging cable
• PC or Mac
• Chrome Browser

How it works:
1. In Chrome, find and install the Vysor app on your desktop computer (PC or Mac) and then “Add to Chrome”.
2. On your Android, go to “Settings”, find the “About Phone” menu item and select it.
3. Locate your “Build number” (usually at the bottom).
4. Press down on your “Build number” 7 times.  This activates the “Developer” feature on your device.
5. Navigate back to “Settings”, find the “Developer options” menu item and select it.
6. Among the options, enable or switch on “USB Debugging Mode” and confirm.
7. Hook your phone to your computer using the USB charging cable.
8. In Chrome, open Vysor, which can now be found under the Apps icon apps-launcher-icon .
9. Go to “Find Devices” and select your mobile device from the options that appear.
NOTE: Windows users will need Universal Windows ADB Driver in order for this to work.
10. A message may appear on your Android, “Allow USB debugging?” Select “OK”. You should now be able to mirror your device in real time on your computer!
NOTE: When you are NOT mirroring your device, be sure to turn off or disable “Developer Options” found in your Settings.


A New England Science Bootcamp Experience

MAHSLIN Professional Development Award – Thank you!

Hi everyone,

I am pleased to be supported by the MAHSLIN Professional Development award – much appreciated!

And, I was fortunate enough to use this to attend a day of the New England Science Bootcamp for librarians – The 2016 conference took place on the UMass Dartmouth campus in Dartmouth, MA from Wednesday, June 15th – Friday, June 17th, 2016. I attended sessions on Thursday, June 16th.

Nathan Norris, MLS, AHIP

What is the Science Bootcamp?

From the program organizers:

“Science Boot Camp is a 2 ½ day immersion into science topics offering opportunities for librarians and library students interested in science, health sciences, and technology to learn, meet and network in a fun, laid-back atmosphere. Now in its eighth year, the New England Science Boot Camp has been hosted on multiple New England campuses and has been attended by librarians and library students from various regions of the US and beyond—and inspired the development of other Science Boot Camps in the West, Southeast, and Canada! Science Boot Camp provides a fun and casual setting where New England science faculty present educational sessions on their respective science domains to librarians.”

The planning committee for the program consisted of science librarians from a number of institutions including University of Massachusetts -Amherst, University of Massachusetts-Dartmouth, Tufts University, University of Connecticut, and College of the Holy Cross, University of Massachusetts –Boston, Worcester Polytechnic and the University of Massachusetts Medical School.

In addition to the main programming, the planning committee does a great job providing fun, local activities such as campus, library and museum tours. This time, the festivities included a trip to the New Bedford Whaling museum. I must also give kudos to the organizers for offering single day registrations which included meals, as well as the multiple day option which included meals and lodging – all very flexible and at a very reasonable cost!

The 3 science topics for this years’ conference were Nursing, Physics and Engineering.  Following the main presentations, there was a capstone program on science literacy which focused on finding, reading and understanding primary literature.

Each of the 3 main topic areas were covered by at least 2 speakers – the first speaker providing an overview of the field followed by a speaker presenting specific research.

While I attended a portion of the presentations on Physics, I will focus on the Nursing content of the program, which is the reason I attended this year.  For the Nursing segment, there were 3 speakers.

The first speaker presented a history of nursing. The second speaker discussed nurse training, the nature of the nursing field and broad areas of nursing research. The third presented specific nursing research.  I will provide an overview of each presentation.

Science Bootcamp Nursing Segment Overview:

Speaker: Sharon Keating

The first presentation was done by Sharon Keating. Sharon is a lecturer in the Department of Community Nursing at University of Massachusetts, Dartmouth.

Sharon provided attendees with a nursing timeline and historical milestones which marked specific nursing “eras”. In doing this, she provided us with background on a number of nursing luminaries such as Florence Nightingale, Clara Barton (American Red Cross Founder) and Lilian Walt (Considered the first “Public Health” Nurse).  Additionally, she provided attendees with context for the evolution of nursing roles care and how major events and legislation such as Medicare & Medicaid, the Vietnam War, the HIV/ AIDS epidemic and the effect of the Accountable Care Act (ACA) have changed the nursing field.

Sharon’s presentation has been posted to YouTube and can be viewed here:

While Sharon didn’t discuss much of this in her talk, her research interest is in the use of technology and social media to improve adolescent/emerging adult health and healthcare.  You can read one of her articles on text messaging as a health intervention for adolescents here (free):

Systematic review of text messaging as an intervention for adolescent obesity
Keating, Sharon R., McCurry, Mary K. Journal of the American Association of Nurse Practitioners. Volume 27, Issue 12, pages 714–720, December 2015.

Speaker: Stephen Padgett

The second presentation (and latter portion of the “nursing overview”) was done by Stephen Padgett. Stephen is an assistant professor in the Department of Community Nursing at University of Massachusetts, Dartmouth.

Stephen provided attendees with a good overview of the various “pathways” to nursing practice – both historically and currently.  He also highlighted the importance of nursing as a career which requires “lifelong learning” and detailed various paths to graduate nurse training and careers based on those fields of study.

Stephen’s presentation provided context for current nursing practice in the era of evidence-based practice and opportunities for nurses as practitioners, researchers, administrators, etc. During this section, he covered topics such as licensure, certification and the nature of professionalism exhibited through nursing knowledge, service, code of ethics and documentation such as policy statements, scope and standards of practice, ethics, etc.  We learned also about nursing specialization and the “barriers” that nurses face in healthcare such as numerous professional organizations, varying levels of education, and external conflict with other healthcare organizations (AMA, for example).

Stephen also provided an overview of the various types of research studies, breaking them out by design, level, and type of article produced. And, finally Stephen informed participants of various challenges in conducting nursing research, such as the difficulties in measuring effectiveness.

Stephen’s presentation has been posted to YouTube and can be viewed here:

Selected articles by Stephen Padgett (PubMed – RSS Feed):

Speaker: Kristen Sethares

The final segment on a specific research project was presented by Kristen Sethares. Kristen is a professor in the College of Nursing and director of the PhD Program at University of Massachusetts, Dartmouth.

Kristen has also worked as a cardiac nurse, and her research involves patients with chronic heart failure (CHF). The goal of her work is to have CHF patients improve “self-care” to reduce hospital re-admissions. From her description, the purpose of the study is “To improve symptom self-care in heart failure patients with the use of cell phone apps and sensors in the home setting.”  For this case, Kristen defined “Self-care” as the process of recognizing, interpreting and treating CHF.

CHF is very costly condition and the leading cause of hospital admission for patients over 65 years of age. It is also a major factor contributing to degradation of quality of life, and symptoms include fluid retention, shortness of breath and fatigue. 60 – 80% of CHF patients also have mild cognitive impairment. Patients can avoid going to the hospital if they do effective self-care and get treatment, as needed, without being admitted. One of the reasons for this type of research has been the failure of telehealth efforts to teach patients self-care. More interest has been paid to her research now that hospital readmissions within 30 days for the same condition are not being compensated by CMS.

Kristen’s research has been 13 years of collaboration between the Engineering and Nursing departments at UMass Dartmouth. She worked with a couple of engineers at UMass Dartmouth to put together a mobile monitoring device and software app. The device provides a continuous electrocardiogram (ECG) (as well as other types of monitoring), and the app provides a method for patients to record their own perceptions about their health status. The thought process is that this system can provide continual health data to the researchers and the app can aid patients in recognizing problem symptoms and empower them to manage them appropriately.

Kristen outlined the development and refinement of this app to measure how well patients were employing self-help methodologies.  And, she used the self-care of heart failure Index (SCHFI) (developed by Barbara Riegel and Victoria Dickson – Riegel & Dickson, 2008) as the basis for her research. This model includes 3 parts – self-care maintenance, self-care management and self-care confidence.

So far, Kristen has been very pleased with her research results, and the methods developed seem to be approachable for this patient population.

Kristen’s presentation has been posted to YouTube and can be viewed here:

Selected articles by Kristen Sethares (PubMed – RSS Feed):

The conference was very well organized and very interesting – I would highly recommend it for science-related topics of interest!

To learn more on the Science Bootcamp and for some suggested references on heart failure from Kristen Sethares, see the links below.

Eighth Annual New England Science Bootcamp Site (Libguide)

Heart Failure References:

American Association of Heart Failure Nurses

American Heart Association (for clinical practice guidelines)

Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Service

Heart Failure Society of American (HFSA)

Heart and Lung (Journal)

Journal of Cardiac Failure

Journal of Cardiovascular Nursing

Self-Care of Heart Failure bibliography (Barbara Riegel)

Updated Clinical Practice Guidelines on Heart Failure: An International Alignment

The Healthcare Landscape – Burning questions find answers!

  • Are you aware of what the Affordable Care Act means to your organization and to the public, and what the latest changes are?
  • What are some of the best resources for librarians to help people find out about the ACA?
  • How do you choose and use the vast array of tools that rate providers and health care organizations?
  • How have medical education and residency requirements changed over the last few years . . . and what does that mean to health services libraries?

If all these questions make you feel like you are lost in the sea of medical change – you are not alone! Please join your fellow librarians on Wednesday, September 30, 2015 from 9:30am-12:30pm at Brigham and Women’s Faulkner Hospital, 1153 Centre Street, Boston, MA in the Huvos Auditorium on the 3rd Floor. (Click for Directions)

Our MAHSLIN/Joint Consortia Meeting – The Healthcare Landscape: Changes Afloat – will address these and other pressing questions. This educational event features presentations that you will not want to miss by Raymond Hurd, Regional Administrator, Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services, Regions I & II; Janice A. Singer, MA, MPH, Vice President for Programs, Massachusetts Health Quality Partners; and Len Levin, MS LIS, MA, AHIP, Head, Education & Clinical Services, Instructor, Department of Family Medicine and Community Health, Lamar Soutter Library, University of Massachusetts Worcester.

The event includes a light breakfast and lunch, and is followed by optional consortia meetings from 1:00pm-2:00pm. The program is free for all MAHSLIN or consortia members. If you do not belong to either, the fee is $25. Click here for the registration form. No refunds after the registration deadline of Friday, September 11, 2015. On behalf of BBLC, we look forward to welcoming everyone to what we know will be a valuable and thought-provoking meeting.

Curing your Headache in Two Hundred Years: An Archival Exploration

Submitted by Cara Marcus, Past President, MAHSLIN

I woke up with a headache. Not a debilitating headache, mind you, but certainly an annoying one. While my head pounded, I decided to take a few moments to read through some of the texts in the library archives in search of the wisdom of how our forefathers handled their headaches.

I decided to start at about fifty years or so ago and work my way backwards, one text at a time. The first book I picked up was a slim 86 page volume from the American Lecture Series entitled The Common Headache Syndrome: Biochemistry, Pathophysiology, Therapy [1]. Despite that daunting title, the front cover (which actually looked typewritten) reassures readers, “This is an intensely personal book – an outgrowth of the author’s own experience in dealing with the common headache syndromes. It will leave the reader with a deeper appreciation of the true nature of the problem.”

Dr. Ostfeld begins with some vignettes of typical headache patients. His patient “may sit with a furrowed brow . . . her hands may grip the chair; she is intent and she scarcely moves.” He theorized that “prolonged use of the eyes, coupled with intense concentration as in reading or auto driving, may . . . induce tension headache.” Remember that this was long before the days of librarians “reading” computer screens all day. I looked away from my computer screen to ponder this thought and felt better already. While his book contained a chapter on “new” medicines for headache, including chlorpromazine and methysergide, the overarching message of his book was that a psychotherapist could help patients with headache by changing their attitudes or life experiences or both. Ostfeld concludes, “The most important medical ingredient in the treatment situation is not in the physician’s technical knowledge or his scholarship. It is his humanness . . .”

Shifting back a decade to the 1950s, the next book I selected was by none other than the esteemed Honorary Physician and Clinical Assistant to King Edward VII, Dr. Nevil Leyton. While I felt that Dr. Ostfeld’s book from the 1960s certainly was true to its “talk it all out” period, I was curious to see what I would glean from a more serious time in our history from Migraine and Periodic Headache: A Modern Approach to Successful Treatment [2]. Focusing mainly on migraine headaches, this book espoused medical treatment to “turn a sour, dispirited and unhappy patient into a happy and useful member of society,” although the author believed that, “The average prognosis given in cases of migraine is gloomy.” And the “commonest method of treatment of severe migraine in use to-day” was said to be the exhibition of ergotamine tartrate, and anti-histamine preparations were up-and-coming treatments. The author then went on to provide a series of case reports, mostly of females with “house duties” who were cured of their headaches by various medication and hormone therapies. While I didn’t feel particularly better after reading this book, I did feel somewhat less “sour” and “gloomy.”

Back now to the 1940s to Dr. Wolff’s book, Headache and Other Head Pain. [3] It is a scholarly book with over 150 figures and data charts that are quite amazing considering that they were drawn by hand; this was considered among the best contributions to the field of headache medicine of its time. Chapter references spanned back to the 1800s (and remember that researchers did not have online databases or DOCLINE back then) and the first hundred pages or so were an in-depth and fascinating illustrated look at all the brain, nerves and organs responsible for causing headache. Dr. Wolff, like Dr. Ostfeld, felt that life situations had an impact on headache, especially migraine, and also that some personality features were common among migraine sufferers, such as orderliness and inflexibility. It is interesting to note that in future editions of this book, personality traits were discussed more in a historical setting or as reactions to headache. [4]

Ergotamine tartrate, which was also recommended by Dr. Leyton, was considered to relieve headache by Dr. Wolff within an hour in 90% of cases. [5] Dr. Wolff also recommended many other approaches to treatment, including dietary methods, glandular therapy, surgery and preventive therapy that included “the management of work and rest periods.” Relaxation included watching “suitable moving pictures” (as movies were known by in the 1940s), although Dr. Wolff advised that watching those that “depict ‘gangster warfare’ were apt to precipitate headaches through inducing fear, tension or horror.”

All this research spurred my interest in going even further back in time. In the 1899 edition of Practice of Medicine by Sir William Osler [5] (the first professor of medicine at Johns Hopkins University and known as one of the most influential physicians in history), migraine was considered a synonym of “sick headache” and women and members of “neurotic families” were most frequently attacked. Recommended treatments were quite different than those from the next century; headache sufferers from the late 1800s may have been treated with bromides, iron, arsenic, nitroglycerin, a saline cathartic, caffeine, chloroform, citrate, nux vomica, and ergot (which appears to be the predecessor of ergotamine tartrate used half a century later). Dr. Osler’s recommendation for the most “satisfactory remedy” was Cannabis indica, but he stated that, “Electricity does not appear to be of much service.” Some of the medicinal treatments suggested – arsenic, nox vomica, chloroform – are considered poisons today; the only treatments from this list that are still cautiously recommended nowadays are caffeine – many headache specialists state that having some coffee may improve symptoms, although caffeine may also contribute to headache, and ergots. [6, 7]

Still curious, and having just read the oldest textbook in my library’s print collection, I perused an online textbook from two-hundred years ago. Headaches were considered a malady of “women in the higher ranks of life, and those of a delicate constitution” during monthly cycles by Dr. Alexander Hamilton (not the United States President, but a fellow of the Royal College of Physicians) in his 1813 book A Treatise on the Management of Female Complaints. [8] Interestingly, this book provides no therapy for headache sufferers, other than implying the affected women partake in some good exercise and manual labor.

My archival exploration of headache gave me an appreciation of the advances medicine has made in the understanding of and treatments for this common condition, and yes, my headache symptoms did seem to improve while writing it! In addition, reading older textbooks this way resulted in an observation that physicians seemed influenced by the cultural mores and prevailing thoughts of their times and that this was reflected in their writings. Care providers could benefit from reading books and journals from distant times to learn from what therapies have been tried in the past and are no longer in use. Libraries that retain specialized archival collections are doing more than just shelving older books – they are providing a unique window to the past that may very well provide a key to new treatments in the future.


1. Ostfeld AM. The common headache syndromes: biochemistry, pathophysiology, therapy. Springfield, IL: Thomas, 1962.

2. Leyton N. Migraine and periodic headache: a modern approach to successful treatment. Springfield, IL: Thomas, 1954.

3. Wolff HG. Wolff’s headache and other head pain. New York: Oxford University Press, 1948.

4. Wolff HG, Dalessio DJ, Silberstein SD, Wolff HG. Wolff’s headache and other head pain. 6th ed. New York: Oxford University Press, 1993.

5. Osler W. The Principles and Practice of Medicine, Designed for the use of practitioners and students of medicine. 3d ed. New York: D. Appleton and Company, 1898.

6. Rizzoli P, Loder E, Neporent L. The migraine solution: a complete guide to diagnosis, treatment, and pain management. New York: St. Martin’s Griffin, 2012.

7. Green MW, Green LM, Rothrock JF. Managing your headaches. 2nd ed. New York, NY, USA: Springer, 2005.

8. Hamilton A and Hamilton J. A treatise on the management of female complaints. Edinburgh: Hill, 1813.


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